Crowding of the Teeth

The patient started treatment at age 11 and wore braces for 26 months. He loves his new smile.

crowding of the teeth before       crowding of the teeth after

Before                       After

Open Bite – Front Teeth Don’t Touch

The patient sucked her thumb as a young child. She started treatment at age 13. She had braces and a special appliance — called a crib — to retrain the tongue, for 28 months. Now she can bite the lettuce out of a sandwich.

open bite before        open bite after

Before                        After

Deep Overbite – Lower Front Teeth Bite Into Palate

This adult patient, age 25, required braces and jaw surgery to correct his severe overbite, with treatment taking two years. His problem could have been corrected without surgery if he had been treated before he was a teenager.

deep overbite before       deep overbite after

Before                       After

Missing Lateral Incisors

This patient’s lateral incisors were congenitally missing. She had braces for 20 months to move the teeth into their correct positions, then the missing teeth were replaced with bonded “Maryland” bridges.

missing lateral incisors before       missing lateral incisors after

Before                       After

Underbite – Lower Front Teeth in Front of Upper Teeth

The patient’s underbite was causing her jaw joint discomfort and excessive wear patterns on her teeth. After about 30 months of treatment starting at age 32, she now finds smiling and chewing much easier.

underbite before       underbite after

Before                       After

Spacing of Teeth

The patient was bothered by the spaces between his teeth. Braces closed the spaces and gave him an ideal bite in 24 months. Special glued-in retainers help keep the spaces closed.

spacing of teeth before       spacing of teeth after

Before                       After

Overjet – Protruding front teeth

At age ten, the patient had a big overjet with the top teeth protruding beyond the bottom. She had two phases of treatment. The first helped her jaws to grow more harmoniously and the second aligned her teeth and bite. At age 13, she was proudly displaying her new smile.

overjet before       overjet after

Before                       After

Non-Braces treatment

Sometimes braces are not needed to get noticeable improvements in tooth alignment. This patient was first seen at age seven for crowding of the lower permanent teeth. A procedure was performed to reduce the width of the adjacent baby teeth and the permanent incisors aligned on their own in nine months.

non braces treatment before       non braces treatment after

Before                       After


The patient’s parents were concerned about both aesthetics and the health of the erupting permanent teeth when they brought him to the orthodontist at age eight. The lower front teeth were crowded and touching the palate, and the upper front teeth were extremely displaced from their normal positions. After 12 months of Phase-One treatment with an expander and partial braces, the patient’s appearance and dental function were vastly improved.

phase 1 before       phase 1 after

Before                       After